introduction to the us healthcare system

Introduction to the US Healthcare System

ealthcare is a complicated topic. Policies are often difficult to implement and there are many stakeholders to consider. Recently, the U.S. saw the passage of the historic Affordable Care Act (ACA) which was the most significant piece of health policy legislation in fifty years. To understand the impact of the Affordable Care Act, we must first understand the…

theory of storage

Theory of Storage

he Theory of Storage describes features observed in commodity markets. Here are some basic terminology that needs to be understood to understand the Theory of Storage. Commodity Market A commodity market is a market that trades in primary goods rather than manufactured products. Soft commodities are agricultural products such as wheat, coffee, cocoa and sugar….

global labor arbitrage

Global Labor Arbitrage

lobal labor arbitrage is where, as a result of the removal or reduction of barriers to international trade, jobs move to nations where labor and the cost of doing business (such as environmental regulations) is inexpensive and/or impoverished labor moves to nations with higher paying jobs. Two common barriers to international trade are tariffs (politically imposed)…

non-availability approach

The Non-Availability Approach

he Non-Availability Approach explains why a country imports the goods that are not available at home. It was conceptualized by Irving Kravis. There are two kinds of unavailability – absolute and relative.   Absolute Unavailability The presence or absence of natural resources could easily be fitted into the Heckscher-Ohlin model. The Heckscher-Ohlin model stresses the differences in relative…

The juglar cycle

The Juglar Cycle

he Juglar cycle is a fixed investment cycle of seven to eleven years identified in 1862 by Clement Juglar. He observed changes of investments in fixed capital that was not just correlated with the level of employment of the fixed capital. A 2010 research study employing spectral analysis confirmed the presence of Juglar Cycles in world GDP dynamics. The so-called Juglar cycle has often…



imetallism is a monetary standard in which the value of the monetary unit is defined as equivalent both to a certain quantity of gold and to a certain quantity of silver; such a system establishes a fixed rate of exchange between the two metals. Characteristics of Bimetallism Both gold and silver money are legal tender in unlimited amounts. Highly popular use of currency…

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